Planning for and enjoying your retirement

Hoping to become a snowbird in retirement?


Comments (8)

If your retirement dream is to head south for the winter, here’s what you need to know before you go.

Whether it’s for a short winter break or to spend the entire season away from the snow, the southern U.S. has always been a top travel destination for Canadians. Many Canadians approaching retirement even dream of buying their own piece of the sun to return to year after year.

Hoping to become a snowbird in retirement?But while spending the whole winter down south may look sunny at first glance, it’s important to plan carefully and make sure you’ve covered all the bases before you take off for warmer climes. You will need to take care of tax, immigration and health considerations, as well as deal with all the usual paperwork required for a long-term trip (suspending services such as mail and newspapers, arranging for snow to be shovelled, etc.).

Pierre Noël is a Montreal real estate broker who often advises clients getting ready to embark on just such an adventure. When he saw how favourable the U.S. market had become for real estate investments, he started thinking about buying his own piece of paradise in the sun. At age 40, retirement still seemed a long way off, but it became a major topic of conversation at home. His spouse even told him straight up: “There’s no way I’m going to spend my retirement years in Montreal!”

After some intensive research, Noël bought a condominium in Pompano Beach, Florida, a project he was very enthusiastic about: “Between the fallout from the real estate crisis in the U.S. and the strength of the Canadian dollar, the timing was just right for us. There are some great opportunities out there to get your hands on higher-end properties at very affordable prices.”

Noël strongly recommends using the services of a good, local broker to help you with all the details of the transaction. “In terms of both zeroing in on your needs and helping you with the paperwork, a broker will save you a lot of hassle,” he says. “For example, many of the really attractive opportunities are foreclosures. So, you have to be aware that if you’re not dealing directly with the owner, you’re buying without a legal guarantee.”

While Canadian consumers are protected at home by their respective provincial laws, it’s important to clearly understand the applicable state legislation and rules before buying a property in the U.S., and to look into purchasing additional protection from your insurer. “I’m a broker myself, and I have to admit, I would have found it very difficult to finalize this transaction without the help of my broker!” says Noël.

He also suggests making several trips, to thoroughly explore the community where you’re thinking of buying, to find out where essential services are and even to make sure you’ll like it there for the long term – but mostly because a transaction like this takes more than a few days to complete.

Immigration laws

You need a passport to cross the border. Citizens and permanent residents of Canada don’t need a visa for pleasure trips but if you’re staying longer than six months, you’ll need special authorization from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration. (And if you decide to retire there permanently, you will need to qualify as an immigrant.) Canada’s Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade has published a brochure titled Crossing the 49th that contains a wealth of helpful details. For more information, see the very useful Canadian government travel website Retirement Abroad – Seeing the Sunsets, and visit the Embassy of the United States.

Health care

Health care is another very important concern for snowbirds. A minor health issue can quickly turn into a major expense when visiting a medical centre in the U.S. If you have questions about your health, it’s a good idea to see your doctor six to eight weeks before your departure. Also, take the time to look into the health resources available in your new location, so that you can be sure you’ll be in good hands if anything happens. And touch base with your insurer to check on the terms and conditions of your individual plan or your group insurance coverage, and make any necessary changes. If you don’t have individual or group insurance, you will definitely want to purchase annual travel insurance.

If you spend too much time outside your home province (even elsewhere in Canada), your provincial health care coverage may lapse. Residency rules vary among provinces, so make sure to check it out well before you go.


Financial questions can continue to crop up even after you’ve retired. Be sure to find out everything you can about applicable taxes and duties (both in Canada and in the U.S.), and calculate how much it will cost to live in the U.S. What will your income be? Depending on your circumstances, you may still draw Canada or Quebec pension benefits. Find out more through CanadaBenefits.

While becoming a snowbird requires more than just packing a toothbrush and bathing suit, it can be a rewarding adventure, provided you plan with care.

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fort lauderdale austin dallas plumber reviews on

You can use a hair dryer on the surface if you can’t wait until
the next day. You can conveniently switch the radiant
cook surface with grilling elements. You will have to explore different options and then choose the right one that you seem to find reliable and good for your kitchen.

Nancy Cavallin on

How long can you be out of Canada and still be covered by your current company benefits?
How long can you be out of Canada and still be eligible for Canadian health care upon return?
I heard it has gone from six months to nine months. Is this correct?

Tag on

The Canadian Snowbird Association maybe able to assist you with this question.

robertbirnie on

For many years now, I have spent the winters in Florida and loved every minute.

Regarding accommodation, there are many places that can be rented in Florida, from motels to condos to mobile homes to houses and your choice will depend a lot on your financial situation.

After spending a couple of winters in Florida, I decided to buy a place and started to look around for the best deal. The cheapest up front costs are buying a mobile home in a rental park. Some of these are at give away prices mainly due to the high rental rate that is payable on a monthly basis, twelve months of the year for as long as you own the mobile home. For me that did not work… the resale was going to be a problem down the road and the monthly costs added up big time.

It seemed to me a good idea to buy a mobile home rather than a house because it is so much more secure during the time that I will be up North, so I started looking at resident owned parks. They come in all shapes and sizes. Do you have a pet ?, are you over 55 ? how much is the maintenance, how wealthy is the association, some have healthy bank accounts and others are broke. Lots of questions. To cut a long story short, I bought a single wide home many years ago, sold it later at a profit and purchased a larger double wide unit, which is home today.

Costs of owning the unit additionally to purchase price include maintenance and utilities. The maintenance cost usually covers grass cutting and water, and of course with the warm winter weather the utilities are much lower than in the North.

If you are selective and find a bargain, you will be able to spend your winters in Florida and who knows, you may even make a profit on the real estate.
Robert Birnie

gerry geldart on

when does the 182 days, a Canadian can legally stay in usa, start or finish.
is it trip by trip, or a calendar year.

    filomene123F on

    this is counted per year …From January 1st to December 31st of the same year.

      Howie on

      Not so, it is a rolling 12 months, and percentages of time of the last three years is used in the calculation by the USA to determine your tax status.

    Rudy Primeau on

    where do you get the rolling month info and the last three years how does that work.

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